Prof.Dr.Ayşegül Demirhan Erdemir/ Turkey

Founder Presidenf of the Deparment of Medical History and Ethic,Medical School,Uludag University

President of the Society for Medical Ethics ,Law and History[1]

  In this paper,we will see three  baths.They are Cinci Bath(Safranbolu) ,Ayder Path(Rize) and Yalova Hot Springs(Yalova).

  Cinci Bath is present in Safranbolu ,a region of Black Sea in Turkey  There are approximately 50,000 protected the cultural and natural assets and approximately 1500 of them are located in Safranbolu. Its rich cultural heritage and the success of the protection of its heritage on the city scale has made Safranbolu ‘’World City" and it has been taken in 17 December 1994 in the World Heritage List by Unesco. Safranbolu was also selected as one of the best preserved 20 cities of the world by OWHC in world congress held in Rhodes in 2003.

William R. Shea/Switzerland

 In recent years, here at Fez and all over the world, distinguished scholars have rediscovered the immense importance of Islamic medicine which preserved, systematized and developed the medical knowledge of classical Antiquity. From the seventh century onwards, and for over 1000 years, Islamic physicians remained the main authority throughout the whole of Europe.

Pr. Miquel Forcada/Spain

Univesity of Barcelona


  1. Introduction

            In much the same way as many cultures that engendered a rich literature, Araboislamic civilisation produced a notable tradition of didactic poetry on a wide range of subjects. Arabic didactic poems were mostly written in the metre named rajazsinceitssimplicity and flexibility facilitated the composition of long and technical texts.[1]Whereas the poetic composition par excellencein Arabic literature was the monorhymeqaṣīda, usually no longer than a hundred lines, the didactical poem par excellencewasan urjūza, a polyrhyme composition made up by long arrays of coupled verses in rajaz metre which was intended for easing the memorization ofscholarly matters by means of  rhythm and rhyme.[2]

Anne-Maria Brennan1,2  B.Sc.(Hons) Ph.D., M.Sc., Ph.D.

[1] Director of Graduate Studies Centre for Professional Practice, University of Kent, Chatham Maritime, Kent, ME4 4AG. U.K. 

Fellow: Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, Manchester, M14 5DX, U.K.


Environmental sustainability has represented a challenge to humanity since the beginnings of settled existence. As a consequence, lessons from the past are still relevant today, if not more so in the light of concentrations of populations and technology with global impacts. Principal threats to sustainability centre on the management of key biogeochemical cycles and the land itself.

Professor Jamal Hossaini-Hilali

Physiology and Therapeutics Unit

Agronomic and Veterinary Institute Hassan-II, Rabat, Morocco


During medieval times, the Arab-Islamic civilization has astonished the world by its rapid success and expansion. We saw then a large number of written books reflecting the contribution of this civilization to universal knowledge.At first, the Arabs have translated the Greek, Persian and Hindu masterpieces. After, they left many original writings.

Docteur Hamza ESSADDAM

Chirurgien Orthopédiste

 Professeur Emérite Université Tunis el-Manar

 Dans son livre  Pantagruel, François Rabelais, va au moins trois fois louer la langue arabe. Une fois, il le fera de manière franche, quand il demandera à son fils d’apprendre cette langue : « C’est pourquoi, mon fils…j’entends et je veux que tu apprennes parfaitement les langues : premièrement le grec, comme le veut Quintilien ; deuxièmement le latin ; puis l’hébreu pour les saintes Lettres, le chaldéen et l’arabe pour la même raison»  (1).

Salim Al-Hassani (UK)

Professor (Emeritus), University of Manchester, UK

President of the Foundation of Science, Technology and Civilisation.

  1. Introduction

While several studies have investigated the contribution of Muslim women in various fields of the classical civilisation of Islam, such as in hadith transmission, jurisprudence (fiqh), literature, and education, until now few sources mention the role of women in the development of science, technology, and medicine in the Islamic tradition.

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