The Hemorrhoidal disease is very common and known since antiquity. It was given clear importance by Arab-Muslim doctors throughout the centuries,including Ibn Sina and Abdeslam El Alami.

  Its pathophysiology remained poorly understood in the general philosophical framework established by Greek doctors. Nonetheless, the Arab-Muslim doctors individualized by their expertise and experiences to have access to adequate treatment, and have distinguished between the internal and external hemorrhoids. They also noticed the importance of treating constipation in the hemorrhoidal disease and used a set of recipes made from natural resources they were able to reach such as plants, animals, metal, stone and incense.

  The prescription of these drugs was according to rules and scientific measures by describing the specific dosage of these medications accurately , the side effects , as well as the indications and contraindications; and more importantly, using experimented medicines. Furthermore we must notice the scientific integrity in Avicenna’s and El Alami’s research , who gave credit and assigned each formula and scientific data to their authors (Hippocrates - Galen - Roman -al Antaki).

  Each of Ibn Sina (360 AH / 970 AD - 428 AH / 1036 AD) and Abdeslam El Alami (1246 AH / 1830 1323 AH / 1905 AD) had recourse to surgery in case drug treatment failed , but Abdeslam El Alami exceeded certain therapeutic methods mentioned by Ibn Sina as Bleeding and Cupping Therapy and warned against Cauterization by chemical medicines, and this is due to the big era (9 centuries) that separated the two physicians .

  Finally, we must seriously think about tools and means needed to explore our Moroccan heritage through medical books and manuscripts in the corridors of our libraries, and direct studies and research towards them historically and scientifically, and make more efforts to introduce the Moroccan doctors, depending on the means and mechanisms we possess ,notably the Arabic language which must be given more importance in our faculty in both studies and research; in order to make the cultural texts accessible and build bridges of dialogue and communication with our history,so that we could reach a conscious openness to the world.

 Medical school of Fez. 2015